Smart phones can foster conversation and allow people to stay more connected. However, they can also be destructive to relationships, perceptions, beliefs, attention, and well-being. Clear and consistent boundaries, limits, and balance are key to becoming contributors in the world and developing healthy habits.

At some point, every family will face the question, “Is it time for my kid to have a mobile phone?” Some better questions might be, “Is my child ready for the onslaught of temptations and opportunities for connection? Are we, as parents, ready for some “techno-ference,” intentional conversations, and essential boundaries?”

My kids both have phones now and we have had ongoing conversations about limits, responsibilities, and freedoms that first began with a phone contract. While it may sound restrictive, a phone contract is really an opportunity to pursue true freedoms together.

Getting a phone for your teenager is a good way to affirm the fact that your child is growing up and it’s a big step in the dynamics of your family. Your child may be gaining more responsibilities and freedoms, but also more influences and temptations. It is important for us as parents to help them successfully handle these responsibilities and freedoms in healthy ways.

My wife and I sat down with our family to talk about our values and how they relate to having, owning, and using phones. We created a contract to help begin the conversation and dialogue regarding the phone and its various freedoms, temptations, and necessary limits. A phone is a tool for relationship and certainly requires guidance and openness along the way.

Phone Contract for Teens

The goal of the phone contract is to increase:

  • Awareness
  • Responsibility
  • Openness/Conversation
  • Ownership

Increasing these four areas is key on the road to true freedom.

We let our kids know from the beginning that devices are a privilege. They knew that we would check their phones to maintain trust and establish true freedoms in their mind and relationships. Privacy is about trust and is not a right. If a child is defensive about having their phone checked, they either have gotten the false idea that privacy means you are grown up or they are trying to hide something. Ultimately, all of the limits and guidance come down to guarding and guiding the soul and heart.

Smart Phone Awareness

Phone responsibility starts with awareness. Parents want to encourage confidence in how their kids manage their attention, emotions, relationships, and relationship with God. Having a phone can have a major impact on all of those things. Therefore, everything starts with awareness. Awareness of temptations, weaknesses, challenges, triggers, benefits, and tools.

Smart phones can foster conversation and allow people to stay more connected. However, they can also be destructive to relationships, perceptions, beliefs, attention, and well-being. Clear and consistent boundaries, limits, and balance are key to becoming contributors in the world and developing healthy habits. Proverbs 4:23 tells us to “Keep your heart with all vigilance, for from it flow the springs of life.”

The content that our kids access on their devices needs to be of Godly value, neutral (not morally wrong), useful for building up and genuinely connecting with others, helpful in completing school assignments, and respectful of others. Discuss with your family how a phone can help or hinder relationships.

Discussion Questions:

  • What will the phone be used for? Some examples might be: to call home, to check in, to use for homework, to connect with friends, to shop, or to play games. Talk through each of these ways that the phone could be used. See if you come up with anything additional.

  • What are proper ways to communicate with people in calls, texts, and social media posts? How have your kids seen this misused by other people? What is the best way to avoid those temptations or that mistake?

  • How can your family determine if an app, game, etc. meets the right criteria before it is downloaded?

  • What do you need to learn more about as you guide your children? You can use Plugged In, NetLingo, Common Sense Media, Axis, and Enough Is Enough as great resources to help you be “in the know”.

    Responsibility with a Phone Contract for Teens

    Having a phone is a big responsibility. Your teens and tweens will learn how to respect limits, earn trust, and practice obedience by managing their time and limits well on the phone. In order to help with time management, talk through the following scenarios as a family to set up appropriate boundaries.

    Discussion Questions:

  • When should the kids put the phone away? Think about family gatherings, the dinner table, church, and school.

  • Should there be a daytime routine? Should the routine be different on school days versus on weekends? When are appropriate times for your kids to access the phone? When should the phone be on its charger? Where will the phone be charged?

  • How does everyone in your family feel about these limits? Is there anything Biblically that you can think of that would support these limits?

    Openness Encourages Responsibility

    It’s a good idea to have parental controls, filters, and blockers on each phone in your household. Remind your kids not to change or remove these controls. They are in place to help them be successful at guarding their mind and protecting them from potential threats, as well as establishing trust.

    Smart Phones and Temptation

    Everyone faces temptation. Talk with your tweens and teens about what temptations might come their way. Encourage them to come to you when they are feeling tempted. Explain that if they get help from you upfront, it will be far better than facing the guilt later. Temptation is a reality. We want our children to have true freedom from temptations and the shame that comes from giving in to them. Remember: we are all on the same team.

    Discussion Questions:

  • Have your kids name some things that might be a temptation to them.

  • What is your action plan for not acting on that temptation?

  • Talk to your children about predators and how they are increasingly using apps, games, social media, and other online venues to take advantage of or harm young people. Be sure that they know to get a parent involved immediately if someone asks for their contact information or pictures of them.

  • Discuss phones and driving. What are the laws about using the phone while driving? What are best practices where the two are involved?

    Healthy Ownership Builds Healthy Responsibility

    As a family, take some time to discuss how the ownership of the phone affects others. Ownership also means owning mistakes, consequences, successes using the phone, and eventually the bill.

    Discussion Questions:

  • When other people are sharing the same space, for instance a living room, how can your kids be thoughtful of those around them when using their phone? For instance, how can they judge the volume or tastes of others when playing music or videos? How will you gauge this?

  • What is considered phone etiquette?

  • How should respect be shown to others while they are using their devices?

  • How much do you think it costs monthly to use the phone? Go through the phone bill together. How much would it be worth if the money were invested? Talk through the investment of time and money when owning a phone.

    Phone Costs

    The costs associated with having a phone are another aspect of phone ownership. Here are some things that you will want to make clear from the start.

    Discussion Questions:

  • How is the phone being paid for from the beginning?

  • Who will pay for repairs if the phone is damaged? Or will the phone be used without repairs if it is damaged?

  • Will the phone be replaced if it is lost? Who will pay for the replacement?

    Consequences of Misused Responsibility

    Next, you’ll want to decide what consequences your child will face if they do not adhere to the guidelines outlined on the phone contract. Will they lose privileges? Decide as a family what will happen for each violation of the rules.

  • 1st Time

  • 2nd Time

  • 3rd Time

    Create a Phone Contract

    We are living in an increasingly digital world with technology intertwining more and more with our everyday lives. It’s important that we as parents help our kids navigate it since it is the world they will be living in. While it might not seem like a big deal, it is worth creating and going through a phone contract with your kids to help develop awareness, responsibility, openness, and ownership. Use this contract not as a way to box your children in, but as a way to foster a deeper connection as a family and deeper awareness and responsibility toward responsible and true freedom. It will be worth the investment as you raise contributors in God’s kingdom instead of consumers.

© 2020, 2023 Focus on the Family. All rights reserved. Used with permission. Originally published at

Danny Huerta

Daniel Huerta is the vice president of the Parenting and Youth department at Focus on the Family. In this role, he oversees Focus' initiatives that equip parents to disciple and mentor the next generation, so that they can thrive in Christ.

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