Trauma often results in physical injury such as broken bones or other injuries, causing sudden incapacitation and loss of the ability to respond or function effectively.

This booklet will focus on the emotional consequences of trauma that can affect any one of us as an individual. Such trauma results in emotional pain, distress, a sense of shock and threat that overwhelms one’s usual abilities to cope.

Emotional trauma is essentially a normal or predictable response to an abnormal or extremely unusual event. While normal, these responses to trauma are far from comfortable and can have long-lasting emotional effects. Overwhelming stress and the inability to function effectively are at least temporarily locked in and fixed by the trauma, making them difficult to shake.

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